捷登教育:初中英语基础句型70例!
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捷登教育:初中英语基础句型70例!

  在初中英语学习中有三个最重要的元素,首先是词汇量,另外两个,一个是语法,一个是句型!而这两者是相辅相成的,学会了语法应用到句型中,也在句型中学习语法。在这里,捷登教育搜集了70个初中英语重要句型,如果孩子可以掌握,可以很明显地提高孩子成绩。如果孩子没法全部掌握,也可以潜移默化让孩子对句型有一个拓展性认识。家长们快收藏吧!

  1.allowsbtodosth允许某人去做某事(后接动词不定式)

  Myfatherallowedmetogooutforawalkafterfinishingmyhomework.

  2.askedsb(not)todosth叫某人做事某事(叫某人不要去做某事)

  Myfatheraskedmetostudyhard.

  Heaskedmenottoswimalone.

  beaskedtodosth被叫去做某事/被邀请去做某事

  Iwasaskedtohaveadinnerwiththemyesterday.

  3.beafraidtodosth害怕做某事

  Sheisafraidtoaskmequestions.

  4.beafraidofdoingsth害怕做某事

  Iamafraidofgoingoutatnight.

  5.beafraidofsth害怕某物

  Heisafraidofsnakes.

  6.beamazedtodosth对做某事感到惊讶

  Hewasamazedtomeetthegirlthere.

  beamazedatsth对某事感到惊讶

  Theywereamazedatthenews.

  7.bebusydoing/withsth忙于做某事(常考)

  Iwasbusywashingmycaratthattime.那时候我正忙于清洗我的车子。

  Iambusywithmywork.

  8.becoming/going/leaving/fiying/moving/dying(某些位移动词用进行时态时表将来)

  Thebusiscoming/thedogisdying.

  9.beexcitedtodosth对做……感到兴奋

  Jackywasexcitedtotraveltherebyplane.

  Beexcitedatsth

  Lilywasexcitedathiswords.

  Beexcitedaboutdoingsth

  Hewasexcitedaboutpassingtheexamwithoutgoingoverbooks.

  10.befrightenedtodosth害怕去做某事

  Samisfrightenedtorideahorse.

  11.beglad/happytodosth高兴去做某事

  Sheishappytocleantheblackboardwithme.

  bepleasedtodosth高兴做某事

  Shewaspleasedtohelptheoldmanyesterday.

  bepleasedwithsth对某事感到高兴/满意

  Theteacherwaspleasedwithmyanswer.

  12.beinterestedinsth/doingsth对某事感兴趣/对做某事感兴趣

  Sheisinterestedinswimmingintheriver.

  MybrotherisinterestedinChinese.

  13.be/getreadyfor/todosth

  bereadyfor为某事做好了准备

  Wearereadyfortheexam.

  Bereadytodosth为做某事做好了准备

  Wearereadytohaveabirthdaypartyforher.

  getreadyforsth为某事在做准备

  Wearegettingreadyfortheexam.

  14.besurprisedtodosth对做某事感到惊奇

  besurprisedatsth对某事感到惊奇

  Thisisnothingtobesurprisedat.

  I’dbesurprisedtoseehimonsuchanoccasion.

  15.beworthdoingsth值得做某事(worth后接动词-ing形式,常考)

  Itwastooremotetobeworththinkingabout.

  16.开始去做某事begintodosthbegin/starttodo/doingsth

  Whendochildrenbegintogotoschool?

  17.can/beabletoafford(tobuy)sth有能力负担(购买)……

  Atthisratewewon’tbeabletoaffordaholiday.

  18.can/may/mustdosthcould/would/should/mightdosth

  Wemaycomeatanothertime.

  19.can’twaittodosth迫不急待地去做某事

  Ican’twaittohearthenews.

  20.decidetodosth决定去做某事

  makeupone’smindtodosth下决心去做某事(常考)

  makeadecisiontodosth对做某事作决定

  Whatdotheydecidetodo?

  Ihavemadeupmymindtogowithhim

  21.deservetodosth值得/应该做……

  Wemustadmitthatshediddeservetowin.

  22.encouragesbtodosth鼓励某人去做某事

  Encouragethemtodosomeotherhelpfulrecreations.

  23.enjoydoingsth喜欢去做某事

  Ienjoyreadingthestorybook

  24.expect(sb)todosth期望去做某事

  Don’texpecthimtohelpyou.

  25.failtodosth做某事失败

  succeeddoingsth成功做了某事

  Ifyoudonotwork,youwillfailtopasstheexam.

  26.finishdoingsth做完某事(后接动词-ing形式)(常考)

  Afterfinishdoingyourhomework,youcanhavearest.

  27.followsbtodosth跟随某人去做某事

  Followmetoreadthenewwords.

  28.getsbtodosth/makesbdosth/letsbdost让某人做某事(后接动词原形)

  Herjokesmadeuslaugh.

  29.get/haveachancetodosth得到一个做某事的机会

  I’mveryhappytohaveachancetovisityourschool.

  30.give/pass/show/lend/sellsbsth/sthtosb

  buy/get/bringsbsth/sthforsb

  Pleasegivemeapieceofpaper.

  Iboughthimadrinkinreturnforhishelp.

  31.goontodosth/goondoingsth继续做事(常考)

  Goondoingtheexerciseafterashortrest.

  32.hatetodo/doingsth讨厌/不喜欢做某事

  Ihatetotellthenewstoyou.

  33.havefundoingsth做某事很有趣

  Havefungettingtoknoweachother.

  34.haveproblemsdoingsth做某事遇到困难

  Manypeoplehaveproblemsgettingtosleepatnight.

  35.havesbdosth/havesthdone让某人做某事

  Thisisthebestworkyouhaveeverdone.

  36.hearsbdosth听到某人做某事(后接动词原形,常考)

  hearsbdoingsth听到某人正在做某事(常见)

  Iheardsomeonelaughing.

  37.helptodosth帮忙做某事

  helpsb(to)dosth帮助某人做某事

  I’llhelpyoucleantheroom.

  38.hope/wishtodosth希望做某事

  wishsbtodosth希望某人做某事

  Iwishtotakethisopportunitytothankyouall.

  39.Itseemsthat这像是……(后接从句)

  seemtodosth

  seem+adj

  Itseemsthatyouarelying.

  Doesthatseemtomakesense?

  40.It’s+adj+(forsb)todosth.

  It’s+adj+(ofsb)todosth

  It’sgladforhimtohearthenews.

  41.Ittakessbsometime/moneytodosth.花费某人多长时间做某事(常考)

  Ittakesmeanhourtowalkthereandback.

  42.pay…for…costspend…on…..ittake…todosth花费

  Hepaidforitoutofhisownpocket.

  43.It’sbestforsbtodosth.对某人来说做某事是最好的

  It’sbestforyoutodomoreexercise.

  hadbetterdosth最好做某事(注意had没有时态和人称的变化,better后接动词原形)

  Youhadbettergototheschool.

  44.It’stimeforsbtodosth是某人做某事的时候了

  It’stimeforustohavedinner.

  45.keep(on)doingsth坚持做某事(常考)

  Johnalwayskept(on)askingquestions.

  keepsbdoingsth让某人做某事(常考)

  Don’tkeepmewaiting.

  keepsbfromdoingsth阻止某人做某事(常考)

  Hekeepsherfromcuttingthetree.

  keepsb/sth+adj使某人保持……的状态

  Washingyourhandskeepsyouhealthy.

  46.learntodosth学做某事Ilearntoplayfootball.

  learnsthfromsb向某人学习

  Ilearnthespiritfromhim

  47.liketodo/doingsth喜欢做某事likesbtodosth喜欢某人做某事

  Shelikesswimming./Shelikestoswimthisafternoon.

  48.needtodosth/needdoingsth/needtobedone需要做某事

  Thegardenneedstobewatered./Thegardenneedswatering.

  49.prefertodosthratherthandosth宁愿……而不愿……(常考)

  Iwouldprefertospendtheweekendathomeratherthandriveout.

  preferdoingsthtodoingsth喜欢做……胜过做……

  Ipreferreadingbookstogoingshopping.比起购物来,我更爱读书。

  Prefertodosth喜欢(爱)做某事

  50.refusetodosth拒绝做……

  Irefusetoanswerthatquestion.

  51.remember/forgettodosth记得/忘记做某事(没有发生)

  Pleasedoremembertopostaletterforme.务必记得帮我寄信。

  remember/forgetdoingsth记得/忘记做过某事

  Iremembertellingyouthenewsbefore.我记得曾经告诉过你这个消息。

  52.seesbdosth看见某人做某事(结果)

  seesbdoingsth看见某人正在做某事(正在进行中)

  beseentodosth做某事被看见

  Isawthemplayfootballlastweekend.

  Isawhercleaningtheclassroom.

  Isawhimgetonthebus.=Hewasseentogetonthebus.

  53.somethingtoeat/drink一些吃/喝的东西(词不定式放在something等后修饰这些词)

  Ineedsomethingtoeat.我要一些吃的东西。

  54.spendsometime(in)doingsth/onsth花费时间做某事(注意动词要用ing形式)(常考)

  Ispent2hoursonhomework.=Ispent2hoursindoinghomework.

  spendsomemoneyonsth/doingsth买……花了多少钱

  Ioftenspendsomemoneyonthebook.Ioftenspendsomemoneybuyingthebook.

  55.Sthishard/difficult/easytodo.做好某事很难/容易

  Thequestioniseasytoanswer.

  56.stoptodosth停下来去某事(两件事)(常考)

  stopdoingsth停止做某事(一件事)(常考)

  stopsb(from)doingsth阻止某人做某事(常考)

  Thetwogirlsstoppedtotalktomewhentheysawme.

  Thetwogirlsstoppedtalkingwhentheysawme.

  Itriedtostopmyfatherfromsmoking,butfailed.

  57.taketurnstodosth轮流做……

  Theytaketurnstodothecleaning.

  58.tellsb(not)todosth叫某人去(不要)做某事

  Hetoldmenottoswiminthatlake.

  59.Thereisnoneed(forsb)todosth对某人来说没必要做某事

  Thereisnoneedforyoutoworry.

  60.Thereisnotime(forsb)todosth

  havenotimetodosth没时间做某事

  Thereisnotimetothink.Ihavenotimetodomorningexercises.

  61.too…(forsb)to……so…that…not…enoughtodo…太……以致不能

  Theboyistooyoungtogotoschool.

  62.try/doone’sbesttodosth尽力去做某事

  trytodosth试着(图)做某事

  Wemusttryourbesttodothejob.

  63.usedtodosth过去常做某事

  Iusedtoliveinthecountry.

  usedtobe+adj/a+n曾经是…

  Mr.Wangusedtobeateacherworker.

  64.wouldliketodosth=wanttodosth=feellikedoingsth想要做……

  want/wouldlikesbtodosth想某人做……

  Idon’tfeellikewalkingverymuchtoday.

  Iwouldlikeyoutogoaway.

  65.warnsb(not)todosth警告某人做某事(或不要做某事)

  Hismotherwarnedhimnottogooutintheevening.

  66.Whydon’tyoudosth?=Whynotdosth?为什么不……(表建议的句型,注意用动词原形)

  Whynothavearest?

  表示建议的句型还有:

  Shallwe……?

  What/Howabout……?(如果是动词,要用ing形式)

  Howaboutgoingfishing?

  67.Wouldyoulike(sb)todosth?Yes,I’dloveto.

  Wouldyouliketojoinus?

  Wouldyoulikemetobuyyousomefood?

  68.Wouldyouminddoingsth?你介意做某事吗?

  回答:不介意(No+……)

  Nevermind/Notatall/Ofcoursenot/Certainlynot.(从不介意/一点也不介意/当然不会了)

  回答:介意(Yes+……)

  I’msorrybutIdo./Sorry,you’dbetternot./I’mafraidyoucan’t.

  -Wouldyoumindmyopeningthedoor?

  -No,ofcoursenot.

  69.Wouldyouplease(not)dosth你可不可以做(不做)……?

  Wouldyoupleaseopenthedoor?/Wouldyoupleasenotclosethewindows?

  70.常用固定短语

  finishdoingsth完成某事

  Shefinishedcleaningtheroom.

  practicedoingsth练习做某事

  You’dbetterpracticingreadingandspeakingEnglisheveryday.

  begoodatdoingsth擅长做某事

  Iamgoodatplayingbasketball.

  goondoingsth继续做某事,指前后做的是同一件事。

  Thestudentswentontalkingandlaughingalltheway.

  Goondoingtheotherexerciseafteryouhavefinishedthisone.

  bebusydoingsth忙于做某事

  Iambusyincleaningmyroom.

  see/hear/watchsbdoingsth听/看/观察到某人正在做某事

  Ihearhimsinging.

  beafraidofdoingsth担心(害怕)会发生某事

  Mylittlesisterisafraidofstayingathomealone.

  beinterestedindoingsth对做某事的兴趣.

  I’minterestedinplayinggames.

  咨询热线:0371—55900591(杨老师)

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