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只要掌握这一点,高考英语作文轻松拿高分!
发布时间:2019-01-24     点击次数:

  过去,老师为了让学生在做书面表达题时降低错误率,要求他们慎用复杂句式,尽量使用简单句、简单的词汇来表达。这种不出错的做法以前可能会获得高分,而现在仅能得到及格分。
 
  高考英语书面表达启用了新的评分标准,这份标准对书面表达中的衔接与过度的作用提出了更高的要求,能否恰当地使用连接词,将直接影响到考生书面表达的成绩。
 
  为什么要如此强调书面表达中衔接与过度的作用,把它作为核心标准来要求呢?
 
  因为这是构成语篇最基本的条件,它不仅管形式,而且管内容,要求做到形式和内容的统一。语句间的连接成分是衡量语篇是否衔接与连贯很重要的标准,是“篇章纽带”。
 
  书面表达中的衔接和过度往往由连接词来完成。连接词指文章中用来说明上下句或前后两个意思之间关系的词或词组。
 
  连接词通常用于
 
  1.开篇引出扩展句;
 
  2.用于句中,尤其是在较长的复杂句子中,以作为上下文的连接纽带;
 
  3.用于文末或段末,用于总结上下文或结尾段落的内容。
 
  如果能在书面表达中正确使用与该段发展方向相适应的连接词,必然能使文章条理清楚、结构紧凑、浑然一体,从而获得理想的成绩!
 
  下面捷登高考学校对一些常用的连接词进行分类,以便同学们进行掌握和应用。
 
  英语书面表达中用于衔接与过度的连接词
 
  1.表示并列的连接词
 
  and,andthen,both…and,also,aswell,aswellas,or,either…or,neither…nor,etc.
 
  Eg:Idon’tknowaboutothers,butIusedtohavetoworkevenatweekendsdoingendlesshomeworkandattendingclassesaswell.
 
  2.表示转折的连接词
 
  but,yet,however,while,ontheotherhand,onthecontrary,etc.
 
  Eg:Ontheotherhand,40%thinkthatfeesshouldbechargedbecauseyouneedmoneytopaygardenersandotherworkers.
 
  3.表示因果的连接词
 
  so,thus,therefore,asaresult,becauseof,dueto,owingto,thanksto,onaccountof,etc.
 
  Eg:Hedidn’tworkhard,asaresult,hefailedintheexam.
 
  4.表示递进的连接词
 
  what’smore,what’sworse,worsestill,besides,inaddition,moreover,even,etc.
 
  Eg:IntheeveningsIcanwatchnewsonTVorreadnewspapers.What’smore,Icanlistentomusic.
 
  5.表示强调的连接词
 
  aboveall,indeed,surely,certainly,ofcourse,afterall,atleast,obviously,etc.
 
  Eg:I’mverygladtohearthenews.Thankyouverymuch,indeed.
 
  6.表示解释说明的连接词
 
  thatistosay,inotherwords,forexample,forinstance,suchas,believeitornot,totellyouthetruth,accordingto,etc.
 
  Eg:Icanfollowmyowninterests,suchasreadingbooks,visitingmuseumsandtakingcomputerlessons.
 
  7.表示比较、对比的连接词
 
  justas,justlike,inthesameway,moreorless,soonerorlater,similarly,insteadof,etc.
 
  Eg:Ihavetofinishmyworkinsteadofgoingout.
 
  8.表示时间先后的连接词
 
  afterwards,sincethen,meanwhile,intheend,atlast,forthefirsttime,assoonas,shortlyafterthat,thenextmoment,uptonow,beforelong,etc.
 
  Eg:Thenextmomentthecarhitthemanwhilehewascrossingtheroad.
 
  9.表示事态、动作先后的连接词
 
  firstly,secondly,thirdly,first,second,finally,firstofall,inthebeginning,next,etc.
 
  Eg:Therearethreereasonsformyresignation.Firstly,Iamdissatisfiedwithmywages;secondly,theworkinghoursaretoolong;andthirdly,thereislittlechanceofpromotion.
 
  10.表示总结的连接词
 
  inconclusion(最后,总之),inshort(简而言之),inaword(总之),ingeneral(通常,大体上,一般而言),inbrief(简单扼要地),generallyspeaking(一般而言),onthewhole(大体上,基本上),asfarasIknow,asyouknow,etc.
 
  Eg:Inshort,thingshavebeguntoimprovesinceschoolswerecalledontoreducetheschoolload.
 
  范文对比赏析
 
  A.(含连接词)
 
  Deareditor,
 
  Recentlystudentsofourschoolhavemadeasurveyof“Viewsonnewspapers”.Thepeoplewhomweinterviewedhavetwodifferentopinions.45%ofthepeopleenjoyreadingnewspapers.Firstofall,asaconvenientsourceofinformation,readingnewspapersisnotlimitedbytime.Secondly,readingalsomakespeoplethink,whichhelpsdeveloppeople’sintelligence.Moreoverpeoplecanselectandreadwhateversectiontheyareinterestedin.
 
  However,55%ofthepeopledon’tturntonewspaperstogetinformation.TheyholdtheideathatnewspapersarenotveryattractivebecausetheylackthesoundandvideothatmakeothersourcesofinformationfromnewspaperslaterthanfromtheInternetandTV.
 
  Inmyopinion,peoplecanmakeuseofwhatevermeanstogetinformation,solongasit’sconvenientforthem.
 
  Bestwishes.
 
  Yours,
 
  LiHua
 
  B.(不含连接词)
 
  Deareditor,
 
  Studentsofourschoolhavemadeasurveyof“Viewsonnewspapers”.Thepeoplewhomweinterviewedhavetwodifferentopinions.45%ofthepeopleenjoyreadingnewspapers.Asaconvenientsourceofinformation,readingnewspapersisnotlimitedbytime.Readingalsomakespeoplethink,whichhelpsdeveloppeople’sintelligence.Peoplecanselectandreadwhateversectiontheyareinterestedin.
 
  55%ofthepeopledon’tturntonewspaperstogetinformation.Theyholdtheideathatnewspapersarenotveryattractive.TheylackthesoundandvideothatmakeothersourcesofinformationfromnewspaperslaterthanfromtheInternetandTV.
 
  Peoplecanmakeuseofwhatevermeanstogetinformation.It’sconvenientforthem.
 
  Bestwishes.
 
  Yours,
 
  LiHua
 
  

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