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高考英语十大高频动词词组,无论如何都要牢记!
发布时间:2020-12-23     点击次数:

  动词(或谓语结构)是句子的灵魂。无论是对话还是段落,对句意的把握很大程度上依赖对句中谓语结构的理解。看似简单、幼稚的小词只要搭配不同,其含义便有天壤之别。正是这种动词的多变性,给我们的解题带来了巨大干扰,因而掌握和突破这些动词显得犹为重要。
 
  十大动词搭配
 
  1.Catch
 
  catch a cold感冒;受凉
 
  catch fire着火;变得流行,火起来
 
  catch hold of抓住
 
  catch on流行;领会
 
  catch on to理解
 
  catch one’s breath喘气;休息
 
  catch one’s eye/attention引人注目/引起注意
 
  catch sight of看见
 
  catch up with赶上
 

 
  2.Come
 
  come along过来;进展,发展
 
  come along with随同
 
  come across偶尔遇见,偶尔发现
 
  come at袭击;拜见
 
  come by从旁走过
 
  come around到来/苏醒,恢复/改变看法或立场
 
  come around/round to赞成;同意
 
  come back回来/想起,记起
 
  come by获得,得到;拜访,串门
 
  come between离间,使分开,使产生隔阂
 
  come down with因……而病倒;患…病
 
  come down流传
 
  come to the point抓住要点
 
  come into contact with与……接触
 
  come in for遭到,受到(责备等)
 
  come on发生,赶快
 
  come off发生,举行
 
  come off it别傻了,别闹笑话了,别出洋相了
 
  come out发行;被告知;结果是;公开宣称
 
  come into operation启用
 
  come to a standstill停止
 
  come to a stop停止;到站
 
  come to an end结束
 
  come to light真相大白;显露
 
  come true梦想成真
 
  come through按要求(或期望)做:
 
  come up to达到;符合;不辜负(live up to)
 
  come up with提出;赶上
 
  come upon偶然发现(或遇见)
 
  come a long way取得进展;明显提高
 
  come all the way远道而来;大老远跑来
 
  come in handy迟早有用
 
  come into being诞生,形成
 
  come out of从(某场所)出来;出自
 
  come to one’s mind想起
 
  come to think of it回头想起
 
  come to an agreement达成协议
 
  come what may无论如何
 
  3.Do
 
  do a favor帮忙
 
  do good to有益于
 
  do harm to有害于
 
  do damage使受到损失
 
  do(one)in使精疲力竭;杀死
 
  do(one)out of骗取
 
  do away with废除;去掉
 
  do(one’s)own thing做自己最喜欢(最擅长的事)的事
 
  do or die需要拼命,需要全力以赴
 
  do over重做,返工;重新装饰(或装修)
 
  do one’s best竭尽全力
 
  4.Get
 
  get across穿过;清楚表达;使理解
 
  get accustomed to=get used to习惯于
 
  get along进展;相处;度日
 
  get at暗示;够得着,触及;
 
  get away with逃脱
 
  get bored doing厌倦做某事
 
  get by(勉强)对付过去,(勉强)过活;溜走;勉强过得去
 
  get down to开始处理;开始认真对待
 
  get down使难过
 
  get hurt受伤
 
  get one’s hopes up使某人产生希望
 
  get even with扯平
 
  get going开始
 
  get hold of掌握;了解
 
  get in the way挡道
 
  get in进入,被允许进入;到达
 
  get in touch with与……建立联系
 
  get somewhere/nowhere有(无)进展
 
  get off the ground有所进展;突破
 
  get off被允许离开;逃脱惩罚,逃避义务;
 
  get on one’s nerves使……心烦
 
  get on和睦相处;变老;继续,继续进行,进步;
 
  5.Go
 
  go about流传;开始做(复杂的事);继续
 
  go after追求;追逐
 
  go along配合
 
  go around足够供应,谣言流传;四处走动
 
  go beyond超出;胜过
 
  go back on违背(诺言等)
 
  go by凭……判断;顺便拜访
 
  go down下降;下跌;消肿;被记住(铭记)
 
  go Dutch各付个的;AA制
 
  go in(into)详细调查;从事
 
  go in for赞成;参加(考试);热衷于
 
  go off消失;变质;爆炸,发出响声
 
  go off on me对我发脾气
 
  go on with=go ahead继续
 
  go out出去;泄密;过时;停止运转,熄灭;约会
 
  go out of one’s way to do sth.不辞辛苦做...
 
  go over参观;复习;仔细检查;被接受(得到赞许);
 
  go through通过;经历;完成
 
  go through with把…进行到底,完成,实现
 
  go steady(和某人)正式确定恋爱关系
 
  go up上升;增长;上涨
 
  go under倒闭,失败,垮掉
 
  go all out全力以赴;竭尽全力
 
  go out of business歇业;停业
 
  go without saying不用说,不言而喻
 
  on the go忙个不停的
 
  go through a lot of money花了很多钱
 
  6.Keep
 
  keep an eye on sth.照看;密切注视
 
  keep in mind记住
 
  keep in touch with与……保持联系
 
  keep pace with与……同步前进
 
  keep off避开
 
  keep back隐瞒(信息),拒不告诉;保留,储存
 
  for keeps永久地
 
  keep on(doing)继续(做某事)
 
  keep one’s finger crossed祝……好运
 
  keep(one’s)eyes open or peeled密切注视
 
  keep(one’s)head above water(通过持续努力)生存,继续;勉强对付
 
  keep track of追踪;知道;理解
 
  keep(one’s)sanity保持镇静
 
  keep up with跟上;继续
 
  keep up one’s spirits振作精神
 
  keep cool保持冷静
 
  keep count on保持联系
 
  keep sth.in mind把……记在心上
 
  keep sb.from doing sth阻止某人做某事
 
  keep(sth.)to oneself不与人交往;保守某事
 
  keep one’s opinion/idea to oneself不把想法告诉别人
 
  7.Make
 
  make a fuss大惊小怪;小题大做
 
  make advances取得进展
 
  make war发动战争
 
  make an effort努力
 
  make a night of it痛快的玩一晚
 
  make a day of it做了一整天
 
  make a living谋生
 
  make a comeback东山再起
 
  make a face扮鬼脸
 
  make away with拿走,偷走
 
  make a point of坚持要
 
  make believe假装,假扮
 
  make certain肯定;确认
 
  make do凑合,将就
 
  make ends meet收支平衡
 
  make friends交朋友
 
  make for有利于,有助于
 
  make it成功
 
  make light of认为…不重要
 
  make much of重视
 
  make the deadline赶上最后期限
 
  make a fortune=make big bucks挣大钱
 
  make no difference毫无区别
 
  make a difference有影响,有关系
 
  make out辨认出;理解;填写
 
  make off with(迅速)拿走,偷走
 
  8.Put
 
  put an end to=put a stop to终止
 
  put aside撇开
 
  put across沟通,交流,被理解
 
  put away把……放回原处;收起来
 
  put by留存,积蓄
 
  put down把……记下来;镇压;贬低,看不起;
 
  put forward提出
 
  put off延期
 
  put into practice实践
 
  put on穿上;上演
 
  put sth.in order把……弄整齐
 
  put to use使用
 
  put up举起;安顿;参与;建立
 
  put up with容忍;忍受
 
  put up to(doing)怂恿,唆使
 
  put out熄灭;解雇;给…添麻烦,冒犯
 
  put out with对某人生气
 
  put out by由于某事而生气
 
  put through to电话接通
 
  put over on欺骗,愚弄
 
  9.Take
 
  take action采取行动
 
  take advantage of利用
 
  take after仿效;(相貌、脾气或性格)与…相似,像
 
  take care of照顾
 
  take effect生效
 
  take(sb.)for a ride欺骗,蒙骗(某人)
 
  take charge of负责;管理
 
  take in接待;减小,改小;理解,明白;欺骗
 
  take into account=take account of把……考虑进去
 
  take into consideration考虑到
 
  take it easy不要紧张;慢慢来
 
  take it for granted把……当成理所当然
 
  take measures=take steps采取措施;步骤
 
  take off起飞
 
  take one’s time doing sth.从容不迫做某事
 
  take over接管;接收
 
  have what it takes有能力,能够
 
  take part in参加
 
  take potshots at拐弯抹角地批评,指桑骂槐
 
  take place代替;发生,出现
 
  take out sth.on sb.向某人出气
 
  take turns轮流
 
  take up占有;着手
 
  take a break休息,放松
 
  take a close look仔细看一看
 
  10.Turn
 
  turn around转身
 
  at every turn到处,时时
 
  in turn轮流地→(反义)out of turn
 
  turn down关小;拒绝
 
  turn in=hand in上交
 
  turn into把……变成
 
  turn off关闭
 
  turn away把(某人)打发走
 
  turn blue/green冻得青紫/羡慕,嫉妒
 
  turn on打开
 
  turn over移交;再三考虑;翻转
 
  turn over a new leaf改变,(尤指)改过自新
 
  turn to翻到;转向;求助于
 
  turn(one’s)stomach使恶心;使作呕
 
  turn up突然发现;找到;出现
 
  turn up(one’s)nose拒绝
 
  turn out结果是;培养;生产;打扮

  以上信息,均有郑州艺考生文化课补习老师整理!

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